As a whole Punjab has $115 billion economy making it first and to date only Pakistani Subdivision of economy more than $100 billion at the rank 144.  Shopping centers and public buildings also install Christmas installations to celebrate the holiday, even though Christians only constitute 3% of the total population of Lahore in 2016. The population is predicted to near 210 million by 2020 and get to 245 million by 2030.  Several Lahore based prominent educational leaders, researchers, and social commentators demand that Punjabi language should be declared as the medium of instruction at the primary level and official use in Punjab assembly, Lahore.  Ranjit Singh negotiated with the Afghans for the post of ‘’subadar’’ to control Lahore following the second invasion. (2005 est.) The headquarters of all major sports governing bodies are located here in Lahore including Cricket, Hockey, Rugby, Football etc. Lahore's jail was used by the British to imprison independence activists such as Jatin Das, and was also where Bhagat Singh was hanged in 1931. Email. The Punjabi language is the most-widely spoken native language in Lahore, with 87% of Lahore counting it as their first language according to the 1998 Census, Lahore is the largest Punjabi-speaking city in the world. Many of these havelis are fine examples of Mughal and Sikh Architecture. The Walled City of Lahore was renovated in 2014 and is popular due to the presence of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. , One theory suggests that Lahore's name is a corruption of the word Ravāwar, as R to L shifts are common in languages derived from Sanskrit.  Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha are celebrated in the city with public buildings and shopping centers decorated in lights. What are synonyms for St. Anthony's High School Lahore, Pakistan? (2005). As a result of these efforts, it is a lot poorer than what is was a long time ago. By late August 1947, 66% of Hindus and Sikhs had left the city.  Each town in turn consists of a group of union councils, which total to 274. Updating Mouzas/ Dehs/ Villages/ Killies lists by administrative units for drawing sample for Integrated Agricultural Census (IAC) To provide aggregated statistical data on socio-economic characteristics of Mouzas/ Dehs/ Villages/ Killies by administrative units To collect useful information for planners, policy makers and researchers who are interested in the development of rural areas Singh also partially restored Shah Jahan's decaying Shalimar Gardens. Textiles are the single most important industry, but there are many rubber factories, as well as iron, steel, and other mills. Rebuilding efforts under Ranjit Singh and his successors were influenced by Mughal practices, and Lahore was known as the 'City of Gardens' during the Ranjit Singh period. Lahore experienced some of the worst rioting during the Partition period preceding Pakistan's independence. Lahore has successfully hosted many international sports events including the finals of the 1990 Men's Hockey World Cup and the 1996 Cricket World Cup. Lahoris also commemorate the martyrdom of Imam Husain at Karbala during massive processions that take place during the first ten days of the month of Muharram. Allama Iqbal International Airport connects Lahore with many cities worldwide (including domestic destinations) by both passenger and cargo flight including Ras al Khaimah, Guangzhou (begins 28 August 2018), Ürümqi, Abu Dhabi, Barcelona, Beijing–Capital, Copenhagen, Dammam, Delhi, Dera Ghazi Khan, Doha, Dubai–International, Islamabad, Jeddah, Karachi, Kuala Lumpur–International, London–Heathrow, Manchester, Medina, Milan–Malpensa, Multan, Muscat, Oslo–Gardermoen, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Peshawar, Quetta, Rahim Yar Khan, Riyadh, Salalah, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Mashhad, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, and Tashkent.. The city's record high temperature was 52.8C (127.1F), recorded on 5 June 2003. India's population growth rate has been more than twice that of China's.  The Mongols again attacked Lahore in 1305.  Capital flight further weakened the city's economy while Karachi industrialized and became more prosperous. access to clean drinking water and improved sanitation, UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision).  Another theory suggests the city's name may derive from the word Lohar, meaning "blacksmith.  During the visit, he visited several of Lahore's major sights. (These numbers are according to the National Institute of Population Studies.).  In 1801, he established the Gurdwara Janam Asthan Guru Ram Das to mark the site where Guru Ram Das was born in 1534. For example, the mausoleum of Ali Hujwiri at the Data Darbar shrine has an annual urs that attracts up to one million visitors per year. Lahore is home to several golf courses. The results of the 2017 Census determined the population to be at 11,126,285, with an annual growth rate of 4.07% since What are synonyms for Lahore, Pakistan? As of 2002, men were expected to live around 63.7 years, while women were expected to live 63.4 years.  Jalal ad-Din's then fled from Lahore to capture the city of Uch Sharif after Iltutmish's armies re-captured Lahore in 1228. If it did not make any effort to slow down its population increase, then there would actually be 49.13 million MORE people in the country than the current reports. New neighbourhoods occasionally grew up entirely within the confines of an old Mughal haveli, such as the Mohallah Pathan Wali, which grew within the ruins of a haveli of the same name that was built by Mian Khan.  Most of the reputable universities are public, but in recent years there has also been an upsurge in the number of private universities. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 220,892,340.  He also erected the Gurdwara Dera Sahib to mark the site of Guru Arjan Dev's 1606 death. ", Few other references to Lahore remain from before its capture by the Ghaznavid Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni in the 11th century. , The city is home to several ancient religious sites including prominent Hindu temples, the Krishna Temple and Valmiki Mandir. Oxford University: New Imperial Press.  Lahore was then annexed to the British Empire, and made capital of British Punjab. Advanced study in the history of modern India 1707–1813. Railways and air services link Lahore with other major cities of Pakistan.  and is a secondary hub for the national flag carrier, Pakistan International Airlines. It was completed in 1959 and later in the 1990s, renovations were carried out by Pakistani architect Nayyar Ali Dada. , According to the 1998 census, 94% of Lahore's population is Muslim, up from 60% in 1941. The British built the Lahore Railway Station just outside the Walled City shortly after the Mutiny of 1857, and so built the station in the style of a medieval castle to ward off any potential future uprisings, with thick walls, turrets, and holes to direct gun and cannon fire for defence of the structure. According to current population projections, Pakistan will reach its peak population in 2092 of 404.68 million people. Published in Dawn, EOS, November 29th, 2020.  The area near the embankment grew into a fashionable locality, with several pleasure gardens laid near the bund by Lahore's gentry. Lahore District is a subdivision of the Punjab, and is further divided into 9 administrative zones. Video Player Close.  Shortly afterwards, Lahore's iconic Minar-e-Pakistan was completed in 1968 to mark the spot where the Pakistan Resolution was passed. It was estimated that population of Lahore becomes double after every twenty years the average annual urban growth rate of District Lahore was 4.3 percent per annum during 1951 to 61 which declined to 3.32 percent during 1981 to 98"it is still however one of highest in the world (NESPAK and LDA 2004). Mehta, J.L. Attention towards this anomaly is also drawn in the State Bank of Pakistan’s third quarterly report entitled “The State of Pakistan’s Economy — 2019-2020”. The general population was against the measures. , Beginning in 1584, Lahore became the Mughal capital when Akbar began re-fortifying the city's ruined citadel, laying the foundations for the revival of the Lahore Fort.  Lahore Metrobus service is integrated with Lahore Transport Company's local bus service to operate as one urban transport system, providing seamless transit service across Lahore District with connections to neighboring suburban communities. The Orange Line Metro Train is an automated rapid transit system in Lahore. Delhi’s population for 2020 is 28.5 million. Population definition, the total number of persons inhabiting a country, city, or any district or area.  48 °C (118 °F) was recorded on 10 June 2007. However Punjabi is also taught at graduation level and used in theaters, films and newspapers from Lahore. The year 2020 is about to end and the new year 2021 will start in a few days. The city is also a major centre of education in Pakistan, with some of Pakistan's leading universities based in the city. Compared to the other countries in the region, the growth rate of Pakistan is about 2.1 percent higher. It is a state-of-the-art facility featuring golf, water parks, and leisure activities such as horse riding, archery and more. Lahore Jinnah Bus Terminal is also a major bus stand.  The line consists of 26 subway stations and is designed to carry over 250,000 passengers daily. The second Islamic Summit Conference was held in the city in 1974. , As tensions grew over the city's uncertain fate, Lahore experienced Partition's worst riots. The life expectancies of males and females are generally the same in Pakistan.  The British also used older structures to house municipal offices, such as the Civil Secretariat, Public Works Department, and Accountant General's Office..  Hindus and Sikhs began to leave the city en masse as their hopes that the Boundary Commission to award the city to India came to be regarded as increasingly unlikely. The Lawrence Garden was established in 1862 and was originally named after Sir John Lawrence, late 19th-century British Viceroy to India.  The population figure was disputed by Hindus and Sikhs before the Boundary Commission that would draw the Radcliffe Line to demarcate the border of the two new states based on religious demography.  Industrial production dropped to one third of pre-Partition levels by end of the 1940s, and only 27% of its manufacturing units were operating by 1950, and usually well-below capacity. , Shah Jahan's son, and last of the great Mughal Emperors, Aurangzeb, further contributed to the development of Lahore. , The 2015 Local Government elections for Union Councils in Lahore yielded the following results:.  The city became a cultural and academic centre, renowned for poetry under Malik Ayaz' reign.  Ahmad Shah Durrani again invaded in 1751, forcing Mir Mannu into signing a treaty that submitted Lahore to Afghan rule. Lahore hosts some of Pakistan's oldest and best educational institutes: Pakistan playing against Argentina in 2005. As an … Moderate and severe depression are included within the Mental Health Action Plan 2013–2020 target to increase service coverage for people with severe mental disorders by 20 percent by 2020. It is predicted that in about 35 years, if this growth continues, the population of Pakistan will eventually become double of what it was back in 2001. No reliable population estimates exist. The British also laid the spacious Lahore Cantonment to the southeast of the Walled City at the former village of Mian Mir, where unlike around The Mall, laws did exist against the mixing of different races.  Punjab was then annexed to the British Indian Empire in 1849.  Every year on Defence Day (6 September), this flag is hoisted in these cities in recognition of the will, courage and perseverance of their people. In 1981 its population was reported above 400,000. The capital of Punjab is Lahore. The airport was named after the national poet-philosopher, Muhammad Iqbal.  In a bid to have Lahore awarded to India, they argued that the city was only 54% Muslim, and that Hindu and Sikh domination of the city's economy and educational institutions should trump Muslim demography. , Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah I died en route to Lahore as part of a campaign in 1711 to subdue Sikh rebels under the leadership of Banda Singh Bahadur.  Dhyan Singh's son, Hira Singh, sought to avenge his father's death by laying siege to Lahore in order to capture his father's assassins. About 50 percent of Pakistani citizens live in a place where at least 5,000 other citizens reside as well.  His sons fought a battle outside Lahore in 1712 for succession to the Mughal crown, with Jahandar winning the throne.  Defense Raya Golf Resort, also under construction, will be Pakistan's and Asia's largest golf course. Sher Shah Suri continued to rise in power, and seized Lahore in 1540, though Humayun reconquered Lahore in February 1555. The name is also sometimes … Yearly Change + 1.05% Fertility in the World. Several havelis were built during this era, though only a few still remain. LTC and PMTA also operates an extensive network of buses, providing bus service to many parts of the city and acting as a feeder system for the Metrobus.  Lahore's posh Model Town was established as a "garden town" suburb in 1921, while Krishan Nagar locality was laid in the 1930s near The Mall and Walled City. Singh's armies plundered most of Lahore's most precious Mughal monuments, and stripped the white marble from several monuments to send to different parts of the Sikh Empire during his reign. There are countless cases where Sikh women get married to Hindus/Muslims/ Christians. The plains between the settlements also contained the remains of Mughal gardens, tombs, and Sikh-era military structures. The Lahore Museum and Mayo School of Industrial Arts were both established around this in this style. Karachi was therefore chosen to be capital on account of its relative tranquility during the Partition period, stronger economy, and better infrastructure.. Punjab has a population of 80 million people and an area of 79,284 mi ... Etymology. Some of the remaining gates include the Raushnai Gate, Masti Gate, Yakki Gate, Kashmiri Gate, Khizri Gate, Shah Burj Gate, Akbari Gate and Lahori Gate. In 1996, the International Cricket Council Cricket World Cup final match was held at the Gaddafi Stadium in Lahore. 5 trillion scheme. Source: Xinhua| 2020-11-09 21:07:49|Editor: huaxia. The population of pre-modern Lahore probably reached its zenith during his reign, with suburban districts home to perhaps 6 times as many compared to within the Walled City. ", According to Hindu legend, Lahore's name derives from Lavpur or Lavapuri ("City of Lava"), and is said to have been founded by Prince Lava, the son of Sita and Rama. Instability resulting from this arrangement allowed nearby Amritsar to establish itself as the area's primary commercial centre in place of Lahore. Other religions include Christians (5.80% of the total population, though they form around 9.0% of the rural population) and small numbers of Ahmadis, Baháʼís, Hindus, Parsis and Sikhs. Lahore's urban planning was not based on geometric design but was instead built piecemeal, with small cul-de-sacs, katrahs and galis developed in the context of neighbouring buildings. The five rivers are the Indus, Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi and Sutlej. The captured specimens were restrained … Lying between 31°15′—31°45′ N and 74°01′—74°39′ E, Lahore is bounded on the north and west by the Sheikhupura District, on the east by Wagah, and on the south by Kasur District. , Babur, the founder of the Mughal Empire, captured Lahore in 1524 after being invited to invade by Daulat Khan Lodi, the Lodi governor of Lahore.  He established a mint in the city in 1800, and moved into the Mughal palace at the Lahore Fort after repurposing it for his own use in governing the Sikh Empire. Nov 23, 2020 06:42am @Vivek Lahore, Wrong, your question should be “ what’s happening with humanity” too many sickos in the world and is not tied to anyone country. , A major industrial agglomeration with about 9,000 industrial units, Lahore has shifted in recent decades from manufacturing to service industries. There is a descent increase in population figures in comparison with last year (2019) figure of 30,841,832 (30.8 million). The city has been controlled by numerous empires throughout the course of its history, including the Hindu Shahis, Ghaznavids, Ghurids, and Delhi Sultanate by the medieval era. After a five-year construction, Pakistan's first ever metro train service started its commercial operation last month in Lahore, the second largest city in Pakistan with a population of over 11 million. The city first came under control of the Governor of Multan, Nasir ad-Din Qabacha, before being briefly captured by the sultan of the Mamluks in Delhi, Iltutmish, in 1217. The most popular language in Pakistan is Punjabi, a language in which 88 percent of the population speaks. Because of Mongol invasions, Lahore region had become a city on a frontier, with the region's administrative centre shifted south to Dipalpur. , Lahore's churches are elaborately decorated for Christmas and Easter celebrations.  Under the leadership of Muhammad Ali Jinnah The All India Muslim League passed the Lahore Resolution in 1940, demanding the creation of Pakistan as a separate homeland for the Muslims of India. He renovated large portions of the Lahore Fort with luxurious white marble and erected the iconic Naulakha Pavilion in 1633.  Other prominent examples of the Indo-Saracenic style in Lahore include Lahore's prestigious Aitchison College, the Punjab Chief Court (today the Lahore High Court), Lahore Museum and University of the Punjab. Antonyms for Lahore, Pakistan. Now peace has returned", "Lahore attack: Pakistan PM Sharif demands swift action on terror", "Rising Lahore and reviving Pakistan – The Express Tribune", "How old is Lahore? The Walled City of Lahore restoration project began in 2009, when the Punjab government restored the Royal Trail from Akbari Gate to the Lahore Fort with money from the World Bank..  British authorities built several important structures around the time of the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria in 1887 in the distinct Indo-Saracenic style. The backbone of its public transport network is the PMTA's Lahore Metrobus and soon to be Orange Line of the Lahore Metro train.  The Durranis invaded two more times, while the Sikhs would re-occupy the city after both invasions. A lot of muslims from Bangadesh also moved to India. Lahore exerts a strong cultural influence over Pakistan. Lahore graduate, 45-yr-old mother of 3 — 2 PoK candidates waiting for counting in DDC poll seats Somiya Sadaf and Shazia Aslam, both from Muzaffarabad, had fought the first DDC polls in J&K. By the end of the Sikh rule, most of Lahore's massive haveli compounds had been occupied by settlers.  The Sikh state also demolished a number of shrines and monuments laying outside the city's walls.  On 26 February 2011, Lahore recorded -2.7C (27.14F) and received slight snowfall in central parts of the city. Ranjit Singh's rule had restored Lahore to much of its last grandeur, and the city was left with a large number of religious monuments from this period. These motorcycles also need to be booked in advance by apps or by calling their number. Hindu legend states that Keneksen, the founder of the Great Suryavansha dynasty, is believed to have migrated out from the city. , Ahmad Shah Durrani's grandson, Zaman Shah invaded Lahore in 1796, and again in 1798-9. the catholic birthrate collapsed. CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive rolled out the first of 27 trains for the metro on 16 May 2017. From the mid 1980’s until the year 2000, the growth of the population slowed down to about 2.6 percent per year; and from 2000 to 2012, to about 2 percent per year. the Punjab. Though Khan was able to win back control after the Persian armies had left, Nader Shah's invasion shifted trade routes away from Lahore, and south towards Kandahar instead. Lahore's origins reach into antiquity. The gardens follow the familiar charbagh layout of four squares, with three descending terraces. The most prominent religious building is the Badshahi Mosque, constructed in 1673; it was the largest mosque in the world upon construction. But on the other end, they would also be a lot richer as a country. Obviously, history cannot be changed, so the efforts have been switched to educating its population instead. If these numbers do not improve, then the people of Pakistan will actually see their life expectancy rate dip back down to the numbers of the mid 1990’s (59 years of age). , This article is about the city. There are 246,458 auto rickshaws, often simply called autos, in the city. 27 Aug 2020 // Airline Analysis // 1 Comment » Virgin Atlantic to begin Islamabad and Lahore from big gap left by PIA. Lahore is in the north-eastern portion of the country. , By the time of rule of the Mughal empire's greatest emperors, a majority of Lahore's residents did not live within the walled city itself but instead lived in suburbs that had spread outside of the city's walls. (page 87), resolution calling for the establishment of Pakistan, invasion of the Mughal Empire in early 1739, 2009 attack on the Sri Lanka national cricket team, National Museum of Science and Technology, List of educational institutions in Lahore, College of Statistical and Actuarial Sciences, PakTurk International Schools and Colleges, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, University of Management and Technology (Lahore), University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, List of largest cities in Organisation of Islamic Cooperation member countries, "Paris of the East? , The first document that mentions Lahore by name is the Hudud al-'Alam ("The Regions of the World"), written in 982 CE in which Lahore is mentioned as a town which had "impressive temples, large markets and huge orchards. There are a number of municipal, provincial and federal roads that serve Lahore. The British also built neoclassical Montgomery Hall, which today serves as the Quaid-e-Azam Library. Lahore's name had been recorded by early Muslim historians Luhawar, Lūhār, and Rahwar. His soldiers mounted weaponry on the minarets of the Badshahi Mosque in order to target Chand Kaur's forces in the Lahore Fort, destroying the fort's historic Diwan-e-Aam. Between 1998 and 2017, Pakistan’s average population growth rate was 2.40%. Total Population of Punjab as of 2020 is estimated to be 31,254,208. , Lahore briefly flourished again under the reign of Ghazi Malik of the Tughluq dynasty between 1320 and 1325, though the city was again sacked in 1329, by Tarmashirin of the Central Asian Chagatai Khanate, and then again by the Mongol chief Hülechü.  Lahore began to be incurred upon yet again the Khokhar tribe, and so the city was granted to Bahlul Lodi in 1441 by the Sayyid dynasty in Delhi, though Lodi would then displace the Sayyids in 1451 by establishing himself upon the throne of Delhi. Auto rickshaws play an important role of public transport in Lahore. The line spans 27.1 km (16.8 mi) with 25.4 km (15.8 mi) elevated and 1.72 km (1.1 mi) underground and has a cost of 251.06 billion Rupees($1.6 billion). , Lahore was formally made the eastern capital of the Ghaznavid empire in 1152, under the reign of Khusrau Shah.  The entire city of Lahore during the medieval Ghaznavid era was probably located west of the modern Shah Alami Bazaar, and north of the Bhatti Gate. What is Dirilis Ertugrul and why does Imran Khan want Pakistanis to watch it? More than 22,000 people participated in the 2006 race. The Declaration of the Independence of India was moved by Jawaharlal Nehru and passed unanimously at midnight on 31 December 1929 at Lahore's Bradlaugh Hall. World Population. , Following the death of Aibak, Lahore came to be disputed among Ghurid officers. Print. Population Growth in Punjab Population growth in Punjab is below average in comparison with other populated states of India. Synonyms for St. Anthony's High School Lahore, Pakistan in Free Thesaurus.  Lahore's GDP is projected to be $102 billion by the year 2025, with a slightly higher growth rate of 5.6% per annum, as compared to Karachi's 5.5%. , In 1266, Sultan Balban reconquered Lahore, but in 1287 under the Mongol ruler Temür Khan, the Mongols again overran northern Punjab. Source: Xinhua| 2020-10-26 20:46:17|Editor: huaxia ... LAHORE, Pakistan, Oct. 26 (Xinhua) -- After a five-year construction, Pakistan's first ever metro train service started its commercial operation on Sunday in Lahore, the second largest city in Pakistan with a population of over 11 million. By the arrival of the Sikh Empire, Lahore had decayed from its former glory as the Mughal capital.  At the time the meteorological office recorded this official temperature in the shade, it reported a heat index in direct sunlight of 55 °C (131 °F). 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