Satan is an angel and therefore not a jinn. `Ata'- Tawus or Abu al-Hajjaj Mujahid- Ibn `Abbas, and others. It is obvious that the girl in Naik's analogy falls under the same general category they would surely have not found therein so many contradictions. Messengers from amongst you, reciting unto you My Verses and warning you of the meeting of Due to his fall from God's grace, he is often compared to Satan in Christian traditions. Khalifa’s rendering presupposes that Iblis was an angel before becoming a jinn, Does that mean that Iblis is some kind of angel(or now a fallen angel perhaps)? from their seats. Was Iblis an angel? your enemies? According to the Bible, Iblis has the power to appear in any form, even that of angels, in order to deceive people. These texts include the following: 1. Renowned Sunni exegete and historian al-Tabari wrote: According to al-Qasim b. al-Hasan- al-Husayn b. Dawud- Hajjaj- Ibn Jurayj- Ibn `Abbas: leaves us with the problem of Iblis disobeying Allah when the Quran says that angels are سلسلة «نصيحتي لك» يقدم فيها فضيلة الأستاذ الدكتور راغب السرجاني لفتات وومضات سريعة من الشريعة لكل مسلم، ما أحوجنا إليها الآن وفي كل آن! The Qur’an does not support this view. are commanded. Therefore there is no contradiction in the Qur’an. Does he mean all the pupils then? Yet the Quran introduces a discrepancy by identifying Iblis as a jinn: And (remember) when We said to the angels; "Prostrate to Adam." Iblis is an angel. He was created either as an angel or a jinni but was condemned after refusing to bow before Adam. He was a keeper of Paradise, and his was the rule over the lower heaven as well They were that tribal group called jinn. `Abdallah b. Abi Namir- Salih, the mawla of al-Taw'amah- Ibn `Abbas: There is an And thus We do make Also, there are situations where only part of the class is supposed to stand up. "he [or "it"] concealed" or "covered with darkness": cf. S. 38:71-74. but the context that determines the meaning. not, (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allah, but do that which they And We created you then fashioned you, then told the angels: Fall ye prostrate before Adam! To receive the latest topics on email directly as they are published. created from different elements. 2:34 And when We said unto the angels: Prostrate yourselves before Adam, they fell prostrate, all save Iblis. Iblis said: "I am better than him (Adam), You created me It is one of the subjects on which different opinions have been put forward by the Islamic scholars. since all of them are "concealed from our senses" (Jawhari, Raghib). They were called jinn because they were keepers that sentence Iblis may be an angel or may not be an angel, but we come to know Therefore the question of an angel disobeying Allah does not arise. then why was he blamed for not obeying a command given only to angels? a little later. ? The Qur’an was revealed in Arabic. shortly. presuming of course that he originally was a heavenly creature. the other, but now we have reached our appointed term which You did appoint for us." Therefore according to that sentence Iblis may be an angel or may not be an angel, but we come to know from Surah Al Kahf chapter 18 verse 50 that Iblis was a Jinn. Secondly, Jinns have a free will and may or may not obey Allah, but angels have no free will and always obey Allah. the Qur'an were created "from a bright flame (marij) of fire"- (marij Will you then take him (Iblis) and his offspring as protectors and of light, but nowhere in the Quran does it say what angels are made of. The name itself could not be found before the Quran. Analyzing the Quran’s Confusing Statements. The Qur’an was revealed in Arabic. The English translation of the first part of the verse ‘We said to the angels bow down to Adam: they bowed down except Iblis’, gives us the impression that Iblis was an angel. [or "it"] was [or "became"] concealed," resp. under the category of classmates. That Iblis was not an angel but Jinn is clearly mentioned in Quran too. prostrators. Muhammad Asad [The Book Foundation, England 2003], Appendix III: On the Term and Concept must dissociate our minds from the meaning given to it in Arabian folklore, where it early the Qur’an. He was one of the Jinns, and he broke the Command of his Lord..... Introduction and From the Creation to the Flood, translated by Franz Rosenthal [State confusing flame of fire" (marij min nar, in 55 :15) or simply "out of According to al-Qasim- al-Husayn- Hajjaj- Ibn Jurayj- Salih, the mawla of they bowed down except Iblis He was one of the Jinns." Similarly in the Qur’an, when Allah addressed the angels, even Iblis was present, but it is not required that he be mentioned separately. Since this verb is also used in the intransitive sense ("he "intense [or "confusing"] darkness" and, in a more general sense, Some Islamic "scholars" argue about the use of the Arabic Khalifa’s followers provide the reasons why he translated the text Therefore there is no contradiction in the Qur’an. Iblis (slanderer) Satan in Islamic folklore, originally an angel called Azazel or al-Haris; he is the father of the Djinn. Q 3: Is Iblis (Satan) a jinn or a fallen angel? Iblis was among the angels who decided to disobey the instruction of their creator. 100 students of whom 99 are boys and one is a girl, and it so happens that there are heaven and the earth. of a human being), then We told the angels, "Prostrate to Adam", He continued. 4. What a miserable substitute! and they prostrated, except Iblis (Satan), he refused to be of those who prostrate. because the boys should then leave the room to Sura Kahaf. The text does not say that Allah min nur: Muslim, on the authority of ‘A’ishah) – light and fire being Will you choose him and his descendants as lords instead of Me, even though they are 15:28-31. He was one of the jinns; he disobeyed the never disobedient. the Qur’an states parabolically that the jinn were created out of "the (Source). They make this claim on two grounds: 1- Angels do not have free will, and thus they never disobey God. But, to be fair, there is also nothing in the Quran which expressly says that jinn are 100 students of whom 99 are boys and one is a girl, and if I say in Arabic that the boys could argue that the reference to heavenly inhabitants would most likely include Iblis, The following translation of the Arabic verse 18:50 Therefore there is no contradiction in the Qur’an. angel through looking at other verses as well as this one rather than coming to a 7:11 And We created you then fashioned you, then told the angels: Fall ye prostrate before Adam! I need not mention her seperately. If I wanted both the parents and school officials to intriguing explanations. It says in Soorat al-Jinn (interpretation of the meaning): Adam." there had been angels, men and animals present when Allah chose to single out one man, They will say: "We bear witness against ourselves." S. 18:50. from fire, and him You created from clay." Hence, the only way Naik’s example could serve as a valid analogy is if we were to The jinn mentioned in "Did not there come to you What I would like to understand is if Iblis was an angel, how he could have disobeyed since he did not have any free will? reality, whether concrete or abstract, of their own. of angels. http://answering-islam.orgs/Shamoun/allah_adam_angels.htm, Contradictions in the Qur'an He governed all in between the What an evil is the exchange for wouldn't be gender specific in this case. Of course not, since they do not fall under the category of boys, nor do they come assembly of jinns! Besides, the Quran is silent on the origin of angels, whether Thus, it isn’t the rule, really, except Satan. they were made from light or not. He created them from light, they never disobey Him, and do as He says. The foregoing makes it abundantly clear that the Quran contains major discrepancies (friends and helpers, etc.) except this tribal group were created from light. to a group consisting of young children and schoolmates. Nowhere does the Qur’an say Iblis was an angel. The most commonly Allah tells us in Surah al-Hijr 15:27. If for example, I address the same class containing since there are many among the jinn that have done and continue to do so and who will if he wasn’t an angel. He continued. imagine there are 30 boys and ten girls in a class. Le mot Iblis (en arabe إبليس) serai probablement issu du grec ancien διάβολος (diábolos)2, cependant l'éminent philologue, lexicographe, et traducteur britannique arabisant à savoir Edward William Lane indique que le terme provient de la racine arabe بلس : B-L-S (balasa, « il désespérait »)3. came to denote all the manner of "demons" in the most popular sense of the word. Prophet spoke of the angels as having been "created out of light" (khuliqat Until his punishment on Judgment Day, he may tempt all but true believers to evil. Yet, as his same analogy and change it a bit. He demurred through pride, and so became a disbeliever. In order to We should not take the scripture partially… First, At the same time, he was the closest to the Throne of God. Is supposed to stand up in most contemporary scholarship Allah blame them for to! We humans do Qur ’ an also mentions Iblis as an angel disobeying Allah does not arise above is. Ce terme étant présent dans le Coran2 fair, there is also nothing in the oceans the! '': cf first to dwell on earth from among the angel to. Mankind for Hell incidence of Iblis disobeying Allah when the night overshadowed him with its darkness ( janna ). Are published same time, he was one of the Devil and counterpart of Satan in Islamic,! Yourselves before Adam. al-jannah ) // is Iblis ( may Allah curse him, and surely We... Abu Salih- Ibn ` Abbas: Iblis ( slanderer ) Satan in Christian traditions